Origin and name of ethnic group ” 疍家” (part 2)

“蜑” is a syllable, a common form of kanji, made up of a bar and an eagle, an eagle indicates the meaning of the word, and the bar denotes the reading sound of the word. With the shape + bar = 蜑. In ancient China “虫” was used to refer to all kinds of animals, and took the symbol to form kanji to name the ethnic minorities in the four directions, especially in the south where there were many kinds of animals. animals, most animals are snakes, for example Nam Man (南蠻) refers to the people residing in the south (In ancient times, the Huaxia people lived in the central plain, the people on the four sides were Dong Yi, Nam Man, Bac Dich, Tay Nhung) The word Man(蠻) also has the “虫” set.
In Thai Binh Hoan Tu Ky (太平環字記), it is written: The Dan people take the boat as their home, the bow and stern of the boat are pointed and high, the hull is flat and wide, like an egg (蛋民以船為家,) )
First of all, we must understand what is called Dan? In the book Que Hai Ngu Hanh Chi. Chi Man (桂海虞衡志. 志蠻) defines Dan as follows: Dien, a race of Southern giants living on the sea, taking boats as their home. (蜒, )
Or in the book The Great Replies. Dien Man (嶺外代答·蜒蠻) wrote: Taking a boat as home, treating water as land, living adrift on rivers and seas, calling Dien.( 以舟為室、視水如陸,浮生江海者,蜒)
Or the concept of Jiao people (鮫人) as in the book Jin. Quach sketch story (晉書·郭璞傳) wrote: A group of people dye their faces and paint their bodies to create the shape of a fish, that is, a delivery man (點涅其面,畫體為鱗採,即鮫人也)
There are many people who confuse the Dan(蜑家) and the Fisherman(漁民). The Dan people refer to a group of people whose original living area is in South China, whose homeland is the sea. Fishermen are a group of people who live by fishing, which is their livelihood and occupation, but they are not forced to live on the boat. There are also Dan families who exploit fishery and fishery products, and there are Dan families who do not, but they live on boats and do not have a home on the mainland.
The residents living on this river form the Dan family. Although living on rivers, but still exist in the Dan people the habits, customs and habits of the ethnic group they separate from, one of which is tattooing.
In 廣東新語-Cantonese, it is written: Dan people, people in the country often tattoo themselves, taking the image of an animal called Giao Long. (蛋人,以其入水輒繡面文身,以像蛟龍之子)
People have this tattoo habit, which is the origin of the indigenous ancient Vietnamese people who used to practice tattooing and cutting hair.
In the 漢書。地理志-Han Book. Geography wrote: Vietnamese people cut their hair and tattoo, taking the image of an animal named Long, meeting the risk of not being hurt. (越人,斷發文身,以像龍子,故不見傷害也.)
Figure 1: Chortle -虫 (1-2-3-4-5) body armor bone text, 6 minor seals, 7 tears, 8 revelations
Figure 2: Boats of the Dan people in the army, as depicted in the shape of an egg
Figure 3+4: The Thai Nha people belong to the Cao Son ethnic group, Taiwanese aboriginal people, the Nam Dao language group, the Le people (Hlai) in Hainan island, the Dong Dai language group is the last group to keep the custom of face tattooing.

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