Origin and name of ethnic group ” 疍家”

疍家: Vietnamese pinyin (粤语): 疍=Tan, 家=ka, 疍家=Tanka, Sino-Vietnamese = Dan Gia, meaning the Dan family.
Dan Dan refers to ethnic groups living on water, living on boats, distributed mainly in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hainan, Hong Kong and Macau, of which the most is Guangdong.
All general terms for Dan people that have evolved over time: -蜑-蛋 -疍 refer to the group of people living on water in Guangdong
The word 蜒 appeared at the earliest in the Jin Dynasty, historian Chang Qu (常璩) put the concept to refer to the Dan people in the Lingnan region, in the book “Hoa Duong Quoc Chi. Ba Chi” (華陽國志·巴志) of the Eastern Jin dynasty recorded: Bo, Tung, Tu, Cung, Nu, Tu Tung, Di, Dien, as Man(濮,賨,苴,共,努,賨苴)
Or still in Hoa Duong Quoc Chi, it is written: To the east, Ba Dong borders Kien Binh, the south borders Vu Lang, the north borders Fang Lang: No, Nhuong, Di, Dan are the Man people (巴東郡東接建平,南接武陵,西) )
In which: Tu, Tung, Tu Tu, and Luong are from the Three Kingdoms (巴國), Cung is from Wu Yue, and No is a native of northern Japan or Ainu. Man is how the Chinese call the peoples around them mean rude and barbaric.
It wasn’t until the Tang Dynasty in the inscriptions on the stone stele of Guangzhou Temple of Wang Bo (王勃) that it was called: Yang Yue at the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, most of the people came from the north from the Shang Dynasty, they found this land to be a favorite. should stay in residence, Since Luc Trieu, the singing customs spread to Nhac Phu, the famous southern story of the four seas. However, the dialect is similar to using the Man sound, because it resembles the mixed Dan Di of the old Ap Ly. (揚 當唐初 ,北人 多 以商至 , 家於).
The poem Sam Tham in the Tang dynasty has the sentence: Lau Trong district, Ha Tinh hamlet, Giao Nhan hamlet (縣 樓重 廈氣, 邑裡雜蛟人). This verse is written based on the notes of Wang Bo (王勃) and Dan Di (蛋 ) is Jiao Ren (蛟人).
The word 蜑 was coined by the Northern Song geographer Luo Shi (樂史) as a concept, used to record a group of people living on water along Guangzhou to Hainan.
In the Taiping Hoan Vu Ki (太平寰宇記), it is written: Ho Dan was born in the sea, lived on boats and lived like a nomad on the water. (蜑戶多生於江海,居於舟船,逐水而居). So in the Song Dynasty, records of the Dan people used the word 蜑 to refer to the Dan people in the Guangdong region alone. After the founding of the Chinese people, it was found that the sound of 蜒-蜑-蛋 is the inheritance of the ancient meaning of the word “卵”, which means egg. In Guangzhou, it is often said that “chun” is similar to the sound “cheun” indicating a male’s penis, with a pejorative nature. Modern Chinese consistently uses the character 疍.
Since the Tang Dynasty, refers to residents living on the water in Hepu and Guangdong in general, after the Song Dynasty, it became called Dan.
Terms in each place in Man Viet (Fujian): Du Dinh Tu(遊艇子), Khuc De(曲蹄,Tuyen lang(泉郎), Bach Thuy lang(白水郎), Long ho(龍户).
The Song Dynasty in the Yu Ge Dynasty won. Book 128. Fuzhou Shanchuan (輿地紀勝·卷128·福州山川) states:
The old history records that: The people in the first Man, who lived on the islands, were seven types, Bach Thuy Lang was one, “called the first Man people”, that is, the first people in the kingdom of Man Viet. :閩之先,居於海島者七種,白水郎其一也。”所謂“閩之先”,即閩越國人之先)
Or in the Eight Man Thong Chi. Phuc Ninh Chau (八閩通志·福寧州) recorded:
Old books say that on Bach Thuy Giang, the first people on the island of Man had seven types: Lo Dinh, Bach Thuy Lang, Nhac Son, Mac Dao, Du Dinh Tu, Son Di, Van Gia, this river is in the east. Southwest is one hundred and seventy miles from Europe. The first place Bach Lang, besides the name Bach Thuy Lang, was the first place to park the boat. (白水江舊記云:閩之先居海 :盧亭、白水郎、樂山、莫傜、遊般子、山夷、雲家之屬是也。此江在州西南一百七)
Another common name for Dan Gia, is the transliteration of the Chinese character “艇” Sino-Vietnamese reading Dinh means “boat”, the ancient Vietnamese pronunciation is:
deŋx- djenging-dih–ndil-dinh (starting with caveman sound, island male sound, timbre of Dong, Zhuang and “Duong”).

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